Unsexed pupae were remaining for the a crate to let grownups so you can arise and mate

L’obiettivo e insecable direzione di prodotti 2
Huge website however an informed for getting other swingers

Unsexed pupae were remaining for the a crate to let grownups so you can arise and mate

Unsexed pupae were remaining for the a crate to let grownups so you can arise and mate

At this point, nothing known in the potato odour characteristics to possess T. solanivora venue of lover and you can/or oviposition website. Remarkably, Bosa mais aussi al. (2011) stated that virgin females have been so much more interested in flower odour than simply to odours of your own entire bush or to tubers, for the an olfactometer try. As attraction so you can plant life certainly virgin female moths is generally relevant which have venue from serving sites and not out of oviposition sites (Cunningham mais aussi al. 2006; Saveer ainsi que al. 2012), the brand new character off potato flower odour in the host discovering method of T. solanivora has to be searched.

Potato produces volatile ingredients that will be varieties specific while others you to mean the high quality additionally the phenological phase of the herbs (Bolter et al. 1997; Agelopoulos mais aussi al. 2000; Karlsson mais aussi al. 2009, 2013). The potato bush structures, potato dried leaves, tubers, and vegetation build substances, many of which are antennal effective in order to T. solanivora (Karlsson et al. 2009). Semi-career trapping assays showed that the compound methyl phenylacetate (MPA) emitted away from potato herbs in highest count and potato tubers inside short amount draws T. solanivora. But not, MPA in combination with a top concentration of six-methyl-5-hepten-2-that (sulcatone), a substance included in tubers, reduces the interest (Bosa mais aussi al. 2011).

The goal of the current data were to characterize the fresh new cues used by T. solanivora discover their machine. I hypothesize one, because the tuber development and you may flowering top exists on top of that within the potato plants, potato flower odour you may publication lady locate a keen oviposition website. To check it theory, behaviour assays was indeed held to see effect from T. solanivora in order to synthetic mixes, understood out-of and representing more potato bush structures. The fresh mating position determine from the conduct is checked too since the importance of personal substances on very attractive blend.

Experimental bugs

A research nest of your Guatemalan potato moth T. solanivora, from the new Colombian Company having Agricultural Look (Corpoica), is actually founded. The fresh new nest try interbred on a regular basis that have wild Colombian moths and you will try reared on potato tubers in the containment establishment at SLU, Sweden. Insects had been managed within the 60 ± 10% RH and 18 ± dos °C significantly less than good photoperiod off L16:8D. Adults to have electrophysical try was in fact stored in Plexiglas cages (33 ? 33 ? 33 cm step 3 ) and you will given that have ten% honey solution, whereas people into olfactometer assays have been given just with h2o 24 h in advance of experiments.


Artificial ingredients (Table step 1 ) were checked-out inside the a serving–effect sort out electroantennographic tape strategy (EAG) more four requests of magnitude: 0.01, 0.step 1, 1 and you can ten ?g ?l ?step 1 . Brand new ingredients was basically toned down inside the hexane (99.9% Lichrosolve, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany). Identification and you may measurement out of potato, Solanum tuberosum, var. Little princess, odour have been mostly done in a previous investigation (Karlsson et al. 2009). The individuals analyses, besides shared fuel chromatography and you can electroantennal recognition (GC-EAD), found 17 substances in potato headspace which might be antennal effective getting T. solanivora. Most collection regarding same plant species and you can diversity, tested which have GC-EAD towards the girls, indicated that benzaldehyde, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-octanone, and dos-phenylethanol, are antennal effective. Thus, synthetic designs of them five ingredients was indeed right here checked out together with the previously identified compounds. Women bugs, aged 2–3-time blog post emergence and you can a dozen–24-h article mating were utilized on the assay. Into first 31 minute following onset of the brand new photophase, one copulating sets had been chosen and you will carefully relocated to a special situation. Males and females have been partioned into different cages just after an individual done mating skills. Antennae had been clipped on the bottom and you may mounted having electroconductive gel (Cefar, Lund, Sweden) when you look at the good forked antenna owner (Syntech Gizmos and you may Browse, Kirchzarten, Germany) and continuously exposed to charcoal-filtered and you may humidified heavens (1.5 l min ?step 1 ). Brand new odour stimulus had been made by using 10 ?l of each substance as well as for each amount on the items of filter paper (0.5 ? dos cm), joined from inside the an effective Pasteur pipette. A puffing product (Syntech stimulus controller CS-55) brought an effective 0.5-s long air smoke with a flow of 1 ml sek ?step 1 from the Pasteur pipette and you can towards the humidified airstream passage over the antenna. For each and every antenna try met with a number of stimuli, in one focus top, that have been displayed from inside the haphazard order, to avoid sphericity. The latest stimuli show always been and finished with empty, hexane, and you may lady pheromone role (E)-3-dodecenyl acetate, [(E)-3-12:Ac) (Pherobank, Wageningen, The netherlands >99.6%] (Nesbitt et al. 1985) due to the fact source, because compound had found reproducible EAG solutions. For each and every stimuli try exhibited no less https://kissbrides.com/hot-finnish-women/ than 1 min adopting the past stimuli to avoid type of the antenna. The utmost amplitude of your EAG responses was recorded and you will analysed into EAG-adjusted software (Syntech, EAGPro observar. 2.0).

Добавить комментарий

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *